Telma Fonseca, Department of General Surgery, Centro Hospitalar Universitário São João; Faculty of Medicine of Porto University, Porto, Portugal
Mariana Coimbra, Faculty of Medicine of Porto University, Porto, Portugal
Elisabete Barbosa, Department of General Surgery, Centro Hospitalar Universitário São João; Faculty of Medicine of Porto University, Porto, Portugal
José Barbosa, Department of General Surgery, Centro Hospitalar Universitário São João; Faculty of Medicine of Porto University, Porto, Portugal


Background: Gastric cancer is the fourth cancer most common in the world and the second cause of cancer-related deaths. Perioperative chemotherapy may reduce tumor burden and decrease lymph node invasion, improving R0 resections rates. On the other hand, administered before surgery, chemotherapy may cause fibrosis and tissue edema, with potential increase of surgical difficulty and in the number of post-operative complications. Therefore, we aim to investigate the effect of perioperative chemotherapy for tumor burden and metastatic lymph nodes of gastric cancer. Methods: Retrospective analysis of all patients submitted to perioperative chemotherapy and surgery, between January 2010 and June 2020, which showed lymph node regression and tumor regression (Becker’s classification). Results: A total of 112 patients with an average age of 61.9 years were analyzed. About 90.2% completed three cycles of perioperative chemotherapy. Good tumor response to chemotherapy (<10% residual tumor) was achieved in 21.3% of patients. Only three patients obtained a complete pathological response. A median lymph node response of 33.3% was achieved in our series. Conclusion: Despite no evident outstanding regression rate was observed, perioperative chemotherapy seems to be useful in obtaining a R0 resection in gastric cancer, even in advanced gastric cancer.



Keywords: Gastric cancer. Histological response. Perioperative chemotherapy.